Injuries, chronic strain but also poor-quality cartilage tissue can encourage cartilage damage and therefore lead to arthrosis.
Other conditions such as osteoporosis or joint inflammations can also contribute to the development of premature joint wear. In this instance, the layer of cartilage over the joint reduces and in some places disappears altogether. This produces painful friction between the worn surfaces.
Given the very different types and severities of arthrosis, it is important to precisely determine the causes of the problem and target them with the correct treatment. This is the only way to prevent progression of the wear and tear process.
To begin with, sufferers notice a stiffening and tightness of the affected joints that gradually increase into pain. The guarding of the painful joint then leads to limitations of movement and muscle shortening, which over the long term reduce mobility.
In the early stages, treatment in the form of conservative therapies such as joint injections or medication-based treatments and physiotherapy can be tried. The minimally invasive array of treatments includes arthroscopic surgery with cartilage trimming and cartilage freshening.
It is only in the later stages that joint replacement surgery is considered. Today, we have a wide range of implants available, enabling us to choose the correct hip replacement or knee replacement for every patient, giving them a better quality of life.