Migraines - conditions and treatment options

Migraines are a neurological condition that affects around 10 per cent of the population. The headache that is characteristic of this condition occurs around three times more commonly in women than it does in men. Patients often become withdrawn as an attack approaches and take additional pain-relieving medications. In worst-case scenarios, the intensity of the migraine attack worsens despite this. This is what experts refer to as chronic migraine.


Throbbing headaches affecting one side of the head recur at periodic intervals. Sufferers also complain of nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light. In some cases, the migraine attack is preceded by so-called aura - changes in visual perception.


As well as medication-based forms of treatment, there are also various alternative medicine treatments available such as acupuncture. If the symptoms continue, a recent development known as peripheral neurostimulation (PNS) may be used. With this treatment, the doctor places electrodes on the pain-triggering nerve directly under the skin. Customised impulses then inhibit the transmission of pain signals to the brain. As a result, the severity and frequency of migraine attacks are reduced.