Peripheral neurostimulation (PNS)
In the case of migraines, extreme headache is experienced along with nausea and vomiting as well as sensitivity to light. If medications and relaxation exercises fail to produce any effect, peripheral neurostimulation, or PNS, offers a modern alternative treatment.
This is a sub-category of the neurostimulation that has been used for 40 years to treat pain in the back area, for example. Electrodes are implanted in the neck, directly under the skin, and are then connected to the neurostimulator which is positioned in the back area.
Using an external remote control, the impulse generator is controlled and adjusted to the patient's individual needs. The impulses inhibit the conduction of pain signals to the brain, thereby reducing the number of migraine attacks.