Tumours can occur anywhere within or on the body, including the spine and especially in the spinal canal. Important: a tumour diagnosis does not always mean cancer. First of all, the word tumour is used to classify all types of growth and proliferations. However, a fundamental distinction is made between:
- benign tumours (meningiomas, neuromas)
- malignant tumours and
- malignant metastases (deposits of tumours from other parts of the body).
In a personalised, highly detailed examination, we determine what type of tumour you have and initiate suitable treatment pathways.
Unfortunately, we cannot diagnose tumours based on specific symptoms. Frequently, they appear incidentally during investigations of the back. Regardless of whether they are benign or malignant, the growths often impinge on the nerve fibre space and exert pressure on them. Pain that sometimes radiates to the leg, numbness and disturbances of bladder function are among the possible consequences.
Some tumours cause gradual destruction of the affected vertebra. This reduces the stability of the spine and increases the risk of fractures.
Since tumours are a condition that cannot be clearly delineated, they generally require interdisciplinary treatment by doctors from various specialisms. Depending on the type, location and size of the tumour, surgical removal may be required.
With the aid of microsurgery benign tumours can be permanently removed, especially if they are discovered early. If there is any associated destruction of the spinal joints, other procedures such as spondylodesis can be used to restore stability. Chemotherapy and/or radiation can also be used.